The Axolotl on the Brink of Extinction

your pet Axolotl

The fascinating Axolotl is a Critically Endangered Species.

Have you ever heard of the Axolotl? Also known as the Mexican Walking Fish or Water Monster, this unique creature is not a fish at all, but rather a type of salamander.

Native to Mexico, the Axolotl is a captivating amphibian that has captured the hearts of many but their existence is threatened by urbanisation.   So today, I thought we might explore what makes them so special, their endangered status, and how we might be able to help preserve their existence.

The Axolotl is a rather unique species among amphibians.

What sets the Axolotl apart from other amphibians is its ability to remain in its larval form throughout its entire life. While most amphibians undergo metamorphosis and transition to a terrestrial lifestyle, the Axolotl retains its gills and remains aquatic. This remarkable feature, known as neoteny, gives them a distinct appearance and behaviour.

With their external gills, feathery fronds, and a wide range of colours including shades of pink, white, and black, Axolotls are truly a sight to behold. They have the ability to regenerate lost body parts, making them even more extraordinary. This regenerative power has fascinated scientists and has the potential for groundbreaking medical research.

The plight of the poor old Axolotl.

Despite their unique qualities, Axolotls face a severe threat to their survival. They are currently listed as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List. The main reason for the decline in their numbers is the loss of their natural habitat due to urbanization and pollution.   Additionally, introduced rather nasty species such as tilapias and perch in their native habitats find Axolotls to be delicious and this situation is also contributing to their decline in the wild.

It is essential that we take action to protect and conserve these incredible creatures before they disappear forever. One way we can contribute is by considering them as pets.

Breeding and Pet Keeping of Axolotls.

By breeding Axolotls in captivity, we can help increase their numbers and reduce the pressure on their wild populations. Axolotls are relatively easy to care for and can be kept as pets in home aquariums. However, it is crucial to provide them with the specific conditions they need to thrive.

Care Requirements for Keeping Axolotls as Pets.

1. Aquarium Size: Axolotls require a spacious tank with a minimum size of 90 Litres/20 gallons for a single adult. A larger tank is recommended for multiple Axolotls or if you plan on breeding them.

2. Water Temperature: Axolotls prefer cooler water temperatures between 15°C and 20°C (60°F and 68°F). It is essential to maintain a stable temperature to ensure their well-being.

3. Filtration: A good filtration system is necessary to keep the water clean and free from harmful substances. Axolotls are sensitive to ammonia and nitrites, so regular water changes are also crucial.

4. Substrate: Use a soft substrate such as sand or smooth gravel to prevent any injuries to their delicate skin.

5. Hiding Places: Provide hiding spots like caves or plants to create a sense of security for your Axolotls.

6. Feeding: Axolotls are carnivorous and primarily eat live or frozen foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, and small fish. It is important to provide a varied diet to ensure their nutritional needs are met.

7. Lighting: Axolotls prefer low lighting conditions, so it is recommended to use subdued lighting in their tank.

8. Water Quality: Regular testing of water parameters such as pH, ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates is crucial to maintain optimal water quality for your Axolotls.

9. Handling: Axolotls have delicate skin and are sensitive to chemicals. It is best to avoid handling them unless necessary, and when you do, ensure your hands are clean and free from lotions or soaps.

10. Education and Research: Continuously educate yourself on Axolotl care and behavior to provide the best possible environment for your pet.

Top 10 Reasons to Keep Axolotls as Pets.

1. Unique and captivating appearance

2. Fascinating behaviour and regenerative abilities

3. Low maintenance compared to other pets

4. Relaxing to watch in their aquatic habitat

5. Educational opportunities for children and adults

6. Potential for contributing to scientific research

7. They can live for up to 15 years in captivity

8. They are peaceful and can be kept with compatible fish species

9. Axolotls are a great conversation starter

10. By keeping them as pets, we contribute to their conservation and preservation


The Axolotl is a remarkable little fella that deserves our attention and care. By understanding their unique qualities, supporting conservation efforts, and considering them as pets, we can help ensure their survival for generations to come. Let’s work together to protect these extraordinary amphibians and appreciate the wonders of nature.

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